Migration strategies of Swan Geese Anser cygnoides from northeast Mongolia

Nyambayar Batbayar, John Y Takekawa, Scott H Newman, Diann J Prosser, Tseveenmyadag Natsagdorj, Xiangming Xiao


In 2006–2008, 25 Swan Geese Anser cygnoides were marked with solar-powered GPS
satellite transmitters in northeast Mongolia to examine the timing and pathways of
their migration. Most geese began their autumn migration in August, flying southeast
toward a staging area at the Yalu River Estuary on the China-North Korea border.
After staging for several weeks, the Swan Geese continued to their wintering grounds
at wetlands along the Yangtze River Basin of eastern China in December. Spring
migration commenced in late February, and the birds following either a same-route or
loop migration to arrive at the breeding grounds in mid April. Swan Geese used a
larger number of staging areas for a longer duration when they were north of
42°N latitude; they seemed to avoid staging for extended periods in the highly
urbanised areas of eastern China. Further research should examine threats and
disturbances to the geese in relation to human population growth and increasing

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.